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elixir-lang / ecto


A database wrapper and language integrated query for Elixir



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Ecto is a domain specific language for writing queries and interacting with databases in Elixir. Here is an example:

# In your config/config.exs file
config :my_app, Sample.Repo,
  adapter: Ecto.Adapters.Postgres,
  database: "ecto_simple",
  username: "postgres",
  password: "postgres"

# In your application code
defmodule Sample.Repo do
  use Ecto.Repo,
    otp_app: :my_app

defmodule Sample.Weather do
  use Ecto.Model

  schema "weather" do
    field :city     # Defaults to type :string
    field :temp_lo, :integer
    field :temp_hi, :integer
    field :prcp,    :float, default: 0.0

defmodule Sample.App do
  import Ecto.Query
  alias Sample.Weather
  alias Sample.Repo

  def keyword_query do
    query = from w in Weather,
          where: w.prcp > 0 or is_nil(w.prcp),
         select: w

  def pipe_query do
    |> where(city: "Kraków")
    |> order_by(:temp_lo)
    |> limit(10)
    |> Repo.all

See the online documentation or run the sample application for more information.


You need to add both Ecto and the database adapter as a dependency to your mix.exs file. The supported databases and their adapters are:

Database Ecto Adapter Dependency
PostgreSQL Ecto.Adapters.Postgres postgrex
MySQL Ecto.Adapters.MySQL mariaex
MSSQL Tds.Ecto tds_ecto
SQLite3 Sqlite.Ecto sqlite_ecto
MongoDB Mongo.Ecto mongodb_ecto

For example, if you want to use PostgreSQL, add to your mix.exs file:

defp deps do
  [{:postgrex, ">= 0.0.0"},
   {:ecto, "~> 1.0"}]

and update your applications list to include both projects:

def application do
  [applications: [:postgrex, :ecto]]

Then run mix deps.get in your shell to fetch the dependencies. If you want to use another database, just choose the proper dependency from the table above.

Finally, in the repository configuration, you will need to specify the adapter: respective to the chosen dependency. For PostgreSQL it is:

config :my_app, Repo,
  adapter: Ecto.Adapters.Postgres,

We are currently looking for contributions to add support for other SQL databases and folks interested in exploring non-relational databases too.

Important links


For overall guidelines, please see

Running tests

Clone the repo and fetch its dependencies:

$ git clone
$ cd ecto
$ mix deps.get
$ mix test

Besides the unit tests above, it is recommended to run the adapter integration tests too:

# Run only PostgreSQL tests (version of PostgreSQL must be >= 9.4 to support jsonb)
MIX_ENV=pg mix test

# Run all tests (unit and all adapters/pools)
mix test.all

Building docs

$ MIX_ENV=docs mix docs

Copyright and License

Copyright (c) 2012, Plataformatec.

Ecto source code is licensed under the Apache 2 License.